You can easily see that alongside bells, nose rings are also mounted on cows. A cow nose ring may not a strange thing for most people since they have been there for a very long time now, but if someone was asked “why do cows have nose rings?”, could they give the answer correctly?
What is a nose ring?
The nose ring is a ring made of metal, like copper, stainless steel, or aluminum. It is designed to be inserted across the nasal septum of cattle, usually domestic cattle like cows, pigs, etc…
Nose rings have been used since the dawn of human civilization. They have been used mostly for controlling animals, especially for both bovines and equines. There are hypotheses that a rod-and-ring sign is a shepherd’s crook and a nose rope.
Humans discovered the basic truth of animals early on: if you can control the head, the body will obey. Ancient Egyptians successfully applied this idea by tools put in the muzzles of their sacrificing animals.
Controlling a big, heavy animal could always be challenging, or even deadly if the animal is aggressive or unpredictable. However, the nose is one of the most sensitive body areas of a cow. When exerted stress by the ring nose, the handler can have a minimum chance of damage or disturbance while managing such aggressive animals.
Cow nose rings positively came to the New World with the cows themselves, since no native pre-Columbian people had domestic animals bigger than the llama that required such management.
Why do cows have nose rings?
Nose ring can be put on calves, adult cows as well as bulls. It is basically used for controlling bulls and weaning young calves, and both used for beef cattle plus dairy cattle.
Nose rings for beef and dairy bulls
A bull can sometimes very dangerous for others in its herd. They often suckle the other cows’ under, this might cause some damage and pain as they are strong and heavy. A nose ring can help to discourage them from hurting others.
If you’ve been around farming for a long time, or have read the news, you’ve undoubtedly heard a story of a bull hitting people. Most of these stories don’t end well. The fact that bulls are still very large animals, it is almost no chance for you to restrain them if they get aggressive.
That’s the reason why a halter nose could fail to control a bull, using a nose ring and attach it with a rope makes it easier to lead them wherever you want.
The ring is normally mounted on a bull between the ages of 9 and 12 months. It is usually applied by a veterinarian who pierces the septum with a scalpel or a punch. Self-piercing rings have been available for several years; these rings are often typically mounted by a veterinarian rather than by the owner.
Many shows require that bulls over 12 months old to be lead with nose rings for safety concerns. There are many techniques for treating a bull with a ring mounted. One of them is to have one person on either side of the bull, holding both halters lead rope through the ring to stop the bull from gaining pace, and also from crashing into the handlers.
For the beef industry, bulls do not likely need to be mounted with nose rings unless they are out for exhibiting.
Nose rings for breeding-purposed bulls
Traditionally, most dairy or beef farms had at least one, if not many, bulls for breeding purposes. The care of an aggressive, tough animal was a technical challenge with life-threatening risks for the farmer.
While in the bull enclosure, the nose ring attached by a cable to a fixed point was intended as a way of controlling and protecting the bull, at the same time providing safe mobility of the bull when needed. When being moved out of its enclosure, a bull was usually mounted to a halter strapped to the nose ring for ease of control.
Nose rings for dairy calves
People also use nose rings to support the weaning of young calves by restraining them from suckling. It’s called weaner rings.
They have plastic spikes that are painful for the cow when the calf suckle for milk, the spikes poke her and urge her to refuse the calf’s sucking effort. These nose rings snap onto the nose without piercing it, which means they are reusable.
Will the nose rings stay temporary or forever on cows?
For the most part, the nose ring will stay with them for the rest of their life. There will times that the cows would grow out of it, the rings become unfit and need to be removed then replaced by a bigger one. Otherwise, it will stick with them forever.
There are temporary and permanent nose rings. Each one of them would be used in specific cases, but there are many reasons why you should choose the permanent one over the temporary one.
– Comfort: Just like how we get used to earrings, cows would eventually forget that it even there, apart from the first time mounted with a bit of itching.
– Safety: Bulls are smart. They would soon know if they are wearing a temporary nose ring which could be possibly unclipped. You wouldn’t want to deal with a raging bull that has a temporary ring, trust me.
– Humane: You should let the vet do the mounting. For both safety and humane purpose. The bull would be tranquilized and restrained while the vet is piercing the ring with a scalpel or punch.
Nose rings for animals for me is one of the most simple yet effective inventions of mankind. It has been there since the dawn of our civilization and will continue to play it an important part in animal managing ever after.
Hopefully knowing why cows have nose rings on them would keep you away from the debate about animal cruelty it’s involved in. These little metal rings as always, only do good without inflicting any mistreat.